Wondering how to choose between English and French lavender? We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Also called French Lavender or Butterfly Lavender, this type of lavender is native to the Mediterranean and Northern Africa. French lavender is best planted on a mound so that excess water can run off. French lavender doesn't need annual fertilization, but the plants benefit from a thin layer of compost every other year in late fall or winter. candicans which has heavier, grayer foliage and grows larger in size. Lavender plants should be pruned after the first flowering, and then again in the fall before growth slows for the winter. Both English and French lavender produce their characteristic aroma from the foliage all year round (the fragrance tends to be strongest in the Spring). The very distinctive flowers, however, steal the show with their "ears" sprouting from each flower head. Literally translated dentata means "toothed". Colors, flower or leaf shapes, bloom times, hardiness vary across varieties. Other lavenders, including French lavender (Lavandula stoechas), are slightly less hardy and can be short-lived so need replacing every few years. The darker the calyx, the most stu… Join now and start creating your dream garden! This mid-sized French hybrid is a unique specimen for any gardener who loves Lavender. This prolongs the flowering and creates new growth the following April/May. Long-lived and hardy border plants include cultivars of the English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia and L. × intermedia). Amend clay soil with organic matter or plant lavender on raised mounds with plenty of coarse material for improved drainage dug into the mounds. French Lavender. Sterilize your pruning shears with rubbing alcohol or alcohol wipes either before you prune the lavender or after to discourage the spread of plant diseases or pests throughout your garden. If you have young, healthy lavender plants, you can work at preventing woody lavender with appropriate planting and cultural care. French lavender is large and will grow from about two to three feet (60-90 cm.) tall and wide, while English lavender stays much smaller and more compact, although it may grow up to two feet (60 cm.). Great in mass planting, as ground cover, in containers. It’s an aromatic dwarf shrub with narrow, greyish leaves, and bears dense, oval heads of … Jackie Carroll has been a freelance writer since 1995. Check these Great Plant Combination Lavender flowers vary in size, shape and color. Lavandula (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.It is native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, southwest Asia to southeast India.. ‘Provence’ lavender is often assumed to be a type of French lavender, but it’s actually a lavandin, or English lavender hybrid. Showy compact flower heads with light purple bracts on top. While lavender is tough-as-nails in the right growing conditions, it does need special attention when it comes to pruning. All lavenders are popular with bees, butterflies and other pollinators. English Lavender (includes Hidcote and Munstead): This popular variety has the sweetest fragrance and is great for cooking. Bug Bite Itchy Sticks. How to Stop Lavender from Getting Straggly, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources:Lavender for California Gardens, Fine Gardening Magazine: Pruning Subshrubs. This species is often referred to as lavandin or French lavender in the United States. Transforming a parched, dry spot into a lush, colorful and delightfully fragrant garden is possible! Lavender French Provence (Blue Flowers) - Very Fragrant - 2.5 QT" Size Pot - Zones 5-11 - Bee Friendly - Attract Butterfly - Evergreen Plant - 1 Live Plant 3.7 out of 5 stars 44 $27.99 $ 27 . Loose, sandy soil is best. French Lavender dentata leaves are grayish green with a beautiful serrated edge which is why the name Lavandula dentata. A commonly grown Lavender in Australia is Lavandula dentata var. French lavender typically grows to a height of about 1 to 3 feet (0.3 to 0.9 m) and spreads out approximately as wide as it is tall. height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Grow lavender in raised beds or pots if you have very heavy clay soil. True French lavender lacks the rich perfume of English lavender, but does have a pleasant, clean aroma. Type – herb sub-shrub Height – 24 to 40 inches (60 to 100 cm) Exposure – full sun. Deadhead French lavender regularly throughout the summer. Her home-and-garden and nature articles have appeared in "Birds & Blooms" and "Alamance Today." Distinctive deep purple flower with a pinecone shape and upright flower petals. There are so many kinds of lavender, but the two main camps that you’ll likely come across are English and French. French lavender pairs pretty, toothed, gray-green leaves with traditional purple lavender-style blooms. Dozens of Lavender varieties are available and finding the right Lavender plant for your favorite containers is not always an easy task. Lavandula stoechas, the Spanish lavender or topped lavender (U.S.) or French lavender (U.K.), is a species of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, occurring natively in several Mediterranean countries, including France, Spain, Portugal, Italy and Greece. Key facts for French Lavender. Prevention is always easier than cure. Since it can be confusing to know which lavender plant is right for your garden, here is a brief summary of the top 5 varieties. Soil – ordinary, well drained Foliage – evergreen There are many types and varieties of Lavender and finding the best Lavender plant for your needs might be a daunting task. Wait until the seedlings are 5 to 6 inches tall before mulching. Lavandula stoechas is commonly referred to as French lavender. Flowers are not fragrant but the silvery foliage is very aromatic. The other lavender have more ornamental value – the dwarf English (‘Hidcote’ and ‘Munstead’ cultivars) with distinctive silver-gray foliage, the California with finely cut leaves, the French with serrated leaves and large woolly flowers, and the Spanish with dark purple winged bracts all along its flower spikes. Cut mature French lavender plants back by one-third to one-half if they don't seem to be getting off to a good start. There are 5 primary types of lavender or Lavandula, which are then mixed and crossed together to create at least 40-50 other varieties and cultivars.Most of the varieties come from either the English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) or the French/Spanish lavender (Lavandula stoechas).There are many other cultivars as well, created by mixing different species. Set out plants after the last spring frost, spacing them 15 to 18 inches apart. The first is Lavandula X Intermedia. It requires very little to … Around 25 species of lavender exist. French lavender attracts butterflies. Plant in a soothing monochromatic color scheme, or plant with blue flowered cultivars to create a delightful color combination. Tolerates higher levels of humidity than English lavenders. The relaxing, anti-depressant qualities of its aroma will be a welcome reminder of summer and help to get you through the long winter ahead. Phenomenal French Hybrid Lavender (Lavandula intermedia 'Phenomenal' PP24193) is a French hybrid lavender notable for its outstanding cold hardiness and tolerance to heat and high humidity. This is also the "queen of herbs" for herb gardens. Another fern leafed Lavender is Lavender pinnata with lovely lacy gray green foliage. To assist you in selecting the right plant, we have prepared this guide, which we hope will be helpful to you. Plants have narrow, oily and aromatic evergreen leaves and bear dense spikes of small tubular flowers in summer. Also called French Lavender or Butterfly Lavender, this type of lavender is native to the Mediterranean and Northern Africa. Perfect for rock or gravel gardens, this plant combination... Not all Lavenders are created equal! In summer, limit your pruning to removing spent flower stems, which you can shear off all at once after a big flush of blooms to encourage reblooming. The keys to lavender care are good drainage and minimal fertilizer. Name – Lavandula stoechas (GB) Name – Lavandula dentata (USA) Family – Lamiaceae. Lavender, (genus Lavandula), genus of about 30 species of the mint family (), native to countries bordering the Mediterranean.Lavender species are common in herb gardens for their fragrant leaves and attractive flowers. 99 French lavender is best planted on a mound so that excess water can run off. Corollas a light lavender blue, sterile bracts a slightly deeper color. Also called Fringed Lavender, this evergreen shrub is native to Eastern and Southern Spain and derives its name from the toothed (dentate) leaves which have a richly, aromatic lavender-rosemary scent. Great for formal or informal edging along walkways, raised walls, borders, rock gardens and in mass plantings. Carefully remove the lavender out of the ground with a fork (as a fork is less likely to cut through roots then a spade) and inspect the roots. Bloom occurs profusely, almost continuously, from. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Sun lover, this perennial or herb thrives in well-drained soil, is drought tolerant and pest or disease resistant. Bright gray-green leaves with toothed leaf margins and a strong camphor-lavender or rosemary-like scent. French lavender seeds can take two to three months to germinate. Lavandin (Lavandula x intermedia) is a popular hybrid lavender combining the cold-hardiness of the English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) and the heat tolerance of the Portuguese Lavender (Lavandula latifolia), therefore providing an answer to the many gardeners' worldwide quest for a Provencal atmosphere in their gardens. Remove up to two-thirds of the plant to about the bottom two sets of leaves on the stems being careful not to cut into the woody part of the plant. Extremely popular, Lavender (Lavandula) includes 39 different species, which are cultivated in temperate climates either as ornamental plants for the landscape or for the extraction of essential oils. The close up of the leaves shows the scallops or dents on the leaves which refers to the dentata in its botanic name, Lavandula dentata. Choose Lavender leaves that are large and have good color and pick them individually. If they start growing in early spring, just trim out winter damage, and prune lightly to shape the plants. Sow seeds in late winter or spring … Gravel mulch looks natural around lavender plants and helps prevent the soil from retaining too much moisture. Because not all Lavenders bloom at the same time and some bloom continuously, producing flowers all spring and summer. They are small and pale and cradled in colorful petals called bracts. French Lavender and is often available in plug trays. In the absence of rain, water the plants weekly during the first summer and once every three weeks in subsequent summers. Not all Lavenders are created equal! Preventing Woody Lavender. The flowers on these plants are similar in size, but they last much longer on French lavender. Note this is the default cart. French lavender works well in mild, Mediterranean climates in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 11 where some types bloom most of the year. In botanical circles, lavender is known as a semi-shrub. Grown for its silvery aromatic leaves, it is used extensively for essential oils or potpourris. Cutting back too far in fall encourages new growth at a time when the plant should be conserving its resources for winter. ‘Royal Velvet’ English Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Royal Velvet) is … English lavender grow well in cold climates, according to Colorado State University Extension, while French and Spanish lavender are hardy only to USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 6 or 7. Accept Some varieties are wonderful as accent plants but have little fragrance. It’s a good idea to cut the plants back by one-third every two or three years, whether they seem to need it or not. Read on to learn how to trim a lavender with woody stems. Drying Lavender leaves quickly will help to preserve color, flavor and most importantly the Lavender scent ! Keep the soil lightly moist and be patient. Forms a 18-24 in. To assist you in selecting the right plant, we have prepared this guide, which we hope will be helpful to you. More delicate in color than English lavender, French lavender is well-suited to drying for crafts and culinary use. Lavender needs full sun and soil that is very well drained. French lavender is a wonderful landscape plant, bringing a strong …
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