Primary Education. Traditional Japanese school uniform for boys is designed in a military style, while a uniform for girls reminds of sailors. Its basic structure is outlined below: 6 years primary school (shogakkou) 3 years junior secondary school (chugakkou) 3 years senior secondary school (koutougakkou) 4 years university; The importance of education is established at … Instead, industrious … This helps to explain the Japanese characteristic of group behavior. This article is created to tell you everything you need to know about the Japanese school system and its distinctive features. Attendance of high school is not compulsory in Japan. bloom and the most suitable time for a new start in Japan. The Japanese educational system was reformed after World War II. What are school lunches like? 4 years of University. School holidays in Japan consist of public holidays with both national and cultural holidays such as New Year, National Foundation Day, and Christmas.However, Japan also has unique holidays which aren’t celebrated elsewhere in the world. So generally students attend public ones. About 25% of high school students in Japan attend private schools. The uniforms, called seifuku, differ school to school, but generally there is a requirement to adhere to the uniform. That is probably why these two systems of school education are quite similar and quite often are compared to each other. In America, school grades are counted as 1 -5 for 小学校 (elementary school), 6-8 for 中学校 (junior high) and 9-12 for 高等学校 … The compulsory study includes attending elementary school and junior high school. The current system includes six years of elementary school, three years of Lower secondary school, three years of upper secondary school and, finally, four years of higher education. The first one is created for children from two months of age. The process of studying takes 3 more years and prepares students who want to enter a university to pass an entrance exam. Both Haiku and Shodo are taught to teach students to respect their culture and traditions. A big difference between the Japanese school system and the American School system is that Americans respect individuality while the Japanese control the individual by observing group rules. Grading System in Japan. Such approach is used to teach children to help each other. One of the most distinctive features of the Japanese school system is the beginning of a school year that starts in April. The second one is aimed at those who reached three years. Kaze no tame, shigoto ni ikimasen deshita. School system in Japan wants its students to remain healthy. Japanese students have to clean … Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. A. Education through middle school is compulsory in Japan, where schools remain structured after the American model. Japan has one of the world's best-educated populations, with 100% enrollment in compulsory grades and zero illiteracy. Because of the rapid population growth after World War II, the number of students in a typical elementary or junior high school once exceeded 50. The Ministry of Education closely supervises curriculum, textbooks, and classes and maintains a uniform level of education throughout the country. During elementary education, in most cases, one teacher teaches all the subjects in each class. Still, your mark will define if you can enter this or that school. This list contains details of language schools, international schools and other institutions offering English language courses in Japan. Also, Japanese students study calligraphy at school. The gimukyoiku 義務教育 (compulsory education) time period is 9 years, 6 in shougakkou 小学校 (elementary school) and 3 in chuugakkou 中学校 (junior high school). In fact, teachers at junior high schools in Japan work an average of 63 hours and 18 minutes per week — the longest hours among all OECD countries — and there is little overtime compensation. About 46% of all high school graduates go on to university or junior college. 4. High schools in Japan provide general education for those who want to continue their study. *The gimukyoiku (compulsory education) period is 9 years: 6 in shougakkou (elementary school) and 3 in chuugakkou (junior high school). Still, there are some schools that use individually designed uniforms. Kōkō(高校, High school) from 15 to 18. Discover grammar tips, writing help, and fun English language facts. Q. From Monday through Friday, schoolchildren attending elementary and middle schools have lunches prepared for them in the classroom. The Japanese school system primarily consists of six-year elementary schools, three-year junior high schools and three-year high schools, followed by a two-or-three-year junior colleges or a four-year colleges. The Japanese school year in Japan begins in April. There are some differences between American and Japanese schools, and these differences include the amount of school days that are attended by the children and the types of schools available, as well as the pressure exerted on the children in order for them to achieve good grades.. School is typically divided intofive cycles: 1. As you can see, students in Japan do not have any autumn vacations. As a result of the rapid population growth after World War II, the numbers of students in a typical elementary or junior high school class once exceeded 50 students, but now it is kept under 40. PISA tests further prove this. It is also worth to mention that students eat together with the teacher to establish better relations inside their collective. Nearly all junior high schools require their students to wear a school uniform (seifuku 制服). This difference in the school-year system causes some inconvenience to students who wish to study abroad in the U.S. A half-year is wasted waiting to get in and often another year is wasted when coming back to the Japanese university system and having to repeat a year. April is the height of spring when cherry blossoms (the most loved flower of the Japanese!) Still, as they graduate from a high school, there are no final examinations. Namiko Abe is a Japanese language teacher and translator, as well as a Japanese calligraphy expert. Though education in Japan is one of the most intense one in the world, students do not have any exams until they reach the age of ten. No Janitors. The programmes for those children aged 3–5 resemble those at kindergartens. Still, there are about 97% of students who attend high schools in Japan. Attendance Requirements. Students make them by themselves and generally, the process includes cleaning of their classroom, cafeterias, and even toilets. Official compulsory schooling ends when students graduate from Junior-High schools. While not compulsory, high school (koukou 高校) enrollment is over 96% nationwide and nearly 100% in the cities. ). That is why their meals are always balanced thanks to the hard work of chefs who cook food in accordance with menus created with the help of by health care professionals. That is probably why they never repeat school years. There is often homework over these vacations. The Japanese school year begins in April, and children who have their 6th birthday on or before 1st April enter the first year of elementary school in the same year. Children are required to attend school for a minimum of nine years – six years of primary and three years of lower secondary education. When it comes to collectivism, there is no better example than cleaning held in Japanese schools. Most schools operate on a three-term system with the new year starting in April. The old 6-5-3-3 system was changed to a 6-3-3-4 system (6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, 3 years of senior high school and 4 years of University) with reference to the American system. Nearly all junior-high schools in Japan require students to wear an individually designed for each school uniform. In Japan, students must attend school up to the end of junior high school (15 years old). The school system in Japan consists of three years of optional kindergarten, six years of primary school, three years of lower secondary school and three years of upper secondary school. 2. Secondary education in Japan is split into junior high schools (中学校 chūgakkō), which cover the seventh through ninth grade, and senior high schools (高等学校 kōtōgakkō, abbreviated to 高校 kōkō), which mostly cover grades ten through twelve. The Japanese education system consists of six years of elementary school, three years of middle school and three years of high school.Japanese elementary schools tend to be highly-organized but fun and emphasize community responsibility and group activities. There are two main types of preschools in Japan: hoiku-en and yochi-en. Schools in Japan are subdivided into pre-school, elementary school which takes 6 years, junior high school which takes 3 years and high school which takes 3 more years. Compulsory education lasts for 9 years through elementary and junior high school. Following elementary education at kindergartens and day-care centers, children move on to primary schools, where they complete 6 grades in preparation for junior high. As you can see, students in Japan do not have any autumn vacations. 3. Except for the lower grades of elementary school, the average school day on weekdays is 6 hours, which makes it one of the longest school days in the world. When it comes to private junior-high schools, there are just a few of them. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. The modern educational system started in 1872 and is modeled after the French school system, which begins in April. The main aim is to teach students equality and collectivism. Also, the Japanese believe that it is important to dedicate these years to developing student’s character, self-control, and justice, to teach them how to be generous and compassionate. One of the most distinctive features of the Japanese school system is the beginning of a school year that starts in April. Uniforms also tend to be required in physical education as well. Furthermore, it is impossible to fail an exam. Though Japanese students have one of the longest school days in the world, they also attend extracurricular courses. Though there are both private and public schools in Japan, when it comes to elementary schools, there is only 1% of private ones. When it comes to uniforms, rules are very strict. Japan is considered to be one of the most intelligent, polite and healthy nations in the modern world. Japanese school system is mainly described as a 6-3-3-4 system, based on the number of years a student has to spend in each school. So "3-1" could be Classroom-1 from 3rd grade, 8th grade, or 11th grade in the US school system that I know of. It was created in an early post-war period when Japan was occupied by Americans. Even after school lets out, the children have drills and other homework to keep them busy. Japanese school system consists of: 6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, 3 years of senior high school and. Elementary School Life in JapanThe School DayJapan Video Topics (english)http://japan-video-topics-english.blogspot.com/ 13. Still, there are also technical high schools in Japan, where a student can get a specific technical education. Though education in Japan is highly valued and there are nearly no students who face learning problems, there is also a dark side of it. 5. Education in Japan is compulsory at the elementary and lower secondary levels. The fiscal year in Japan also begins in April and ends in March of the following year, which is more convenient in many aspects. There are also lessons on Haiku, a simple expression with a deep meaning behind created in the form of poetry. Dainiji sekai taisen no ato no kyuugekina jinkou zouka no tame, tenkeitekina shou-chuu gakkou no seitosu wa katsute go-juu nin o koemashita. Today, 99% of people in Japan can read and write and school is still seen as a highly important stepping stone in early life. It is also worth to note, that compulsory education in Japan is free. In Japan, there are both — for kindergarten, elementary school, junior high school, high school and college. The Japanese School System Society Culture Jan 11, 2016 Compulsory education lasts for nine years in Japan, between the ages of 6 and 15. Besides the new primary (also called elementary) schools, Japan's modern educational system included two other main elements: secondary schools and universities. It means that the compulsory study in Japan takes 9 years. School holidays are uniform throughout schools of the country. American vs Japanese Schools. For the first three years of their study, Japanese students are taught good manners and respect for people and nature. There is always something to do, incredible festivals to attend, museums to visit and plenty of places to eat and drink (great for practising your Japanese and meeting new people! The high school drop out rate is about 2% and has been increasing. School holidays are uniform throughout schools of the country. Still, there are various small tests. You won’t find a janitor in any Japanese school. We do hope you will enjoy it! In the late 1800s, the Meiji leaders established a public education system, thus greatly increasing the country’s literacy rate. As we mentioned before, it is impossible to fail one. – Japan has the 6-3-3-4 education system — compulsory education of six years in elementary school and three years in junior high school. In Japan, a school year consists of trimesters with four weeks summer vacation, two weeks winter vacation and two more weeks of spring vacation. The gimukyoiku 義務教育 … It is wort… She has been a freelance writer for nearly 20 years. Education prior to elementary school is provided at kindergartens and day-carecenters. All Rights Reserved. Japan: So far, so good. 第二次世界大戦のあとの急激な人口増加のため、典型的な小中学校の生徒数はかつて５０人を超えました。. Classrooms can be alphabetical, as my high school … Furthermore, it is not free and requires passing an exam. The Japanese school system is quite similar to the American one, though it is quite more intense and, maybe, even more effective. Every class has its own fixed classroom where its students take all the courses, except for practical training and laboratory work. It lasts for 3 years and starts when a child reaches 12 years. Most students attend public schools through the lower secondary level, but private education is popular at the upper secondary and university levels. Chūgakkō(中学, Middle School) from 12 to 15. The old 6-5-3-3 system was changed to a 6-3-3-4 system (6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, 3 years of senior high school and 4 years of University) with reference to the American system. In Japan, the children attend more school … In Japan, students stay in one class (homeroom) and it's teachers that moves around at the bell, unless you have PEs, science experiments, or cooking for example. It means that Japanese students usually attend a public elementary school that lasts for six years. For elementary and junior high school, students attend their local school. Secondary school was not yet compulsory and was intended for children deserving of additional training. At public elementary and junior high school, school lunch (kyuushoku 給食) is provided on a standardized menu, and it is eaten in the classroom. Explore Japan Schools. Though preschools are not compulsory and not free, more than 90% of Japanese students attend them. Vacations are 6 weeks in the summer and about 2 weeks each for winter and spring breaks. BEPPU, OITA PREF. Japan, which has mostly kept COVID-19 under control, took a conservative approach to reopening schools in June. 4 more years are for those who study in university. The Japanese educational system was reformed after World War II. If a student wants to enter a highly-regarded junior-high school, it is necessary to pass an entrance examination. The students take turns serving portions. Japan GPA calculator Grading Scales: Most Common. One of the reasons why Japanese people are so unique is explained by their system of education and school system in particular. Daigaku (大学, University) or Senmongakkō(専 門 学校, Vocational school) in general with a duratio… The Japanese school system is modelled after the system in the United States. Generally, the attendants of high schools are those students who want to continue their education and to enter this or that university. Ari no mama de - The Japanese Version of "Let It Go", "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" Christmas Carol in Japanese, Umi no mizu wa naze karai - Learn from a Story, Celebrating Father's Day in Japanese Culture, Guide to the Japanese Language in the Animated "Spirited Away". One of the most interesting a fact about the Japanese school system is that there is no practice requiring children to repeat a year. Ever since 1954, kyushoku (school lunch) has been an official part of the Japanese school curriculum. The Fundamental Law of Education in Japan was introduced in 1947, changing the educational system to the 6+3+3+4 structure. The educational appr… Compulsory school in Japan begins when a child reaches six years. © Copyright 2018 - in-Japan.education. In Japan, school uniforms are far more common for public schools especially for middle and high schoolers. The next term starts around July … Even in the Edo period, over 70% of all children went to school. After this time, junior high and high school students will usually take part in club activities (“bukatsu”) until about 6:00 pm. Many students say that it school education is too intense and that parents along with teachers put too much pressure on children, even in their early childhood. Still, the country provides the ability to choose between public and private schools. In Japan, it is called Shodo, the art that is as popular in Japan as painting. In Japan, reading, writing and arithmetic have been augmented by the "3Cs" — teaching kids to avoid close conversation, crowds and closed spaces. Usually, schools with a high reputation are among the top-priced. The cost of high school education, as well as the difficulty of entrance examinations, varies widely across the country. The meals are healthy and well-balanced, containing all the nutrients and calories … As a result, a high standard of education is possible. Yōchien(幼稚園, Nursery school) from 3 to 6 years old. Not Janitors, But Students Clean The School. Shōgakkō(小学, Elementary school) from 6 to 12. In Japan, a school year consists of trimesters with four weeks summer vacation, two weeks winter vacation and two more weeks of spring vacation.