A two‐compartment model best fit the data and was substantially improved by scaling the PK parameters (elimination clearance, intercompartmental clearance, volume of the central compartment, and volume of peripheral compartment) by body weight (change in objective function value (OFV) of 1,052; P < 0.001). A two‐compartment model fit the data best with scaling model parameters by body weight. Aims. If the target is 4 mg/L, these modified regimens achieve 90% coverage goals in children under 50 kg, however, those over 50 kg may still have inadequate coverage. In particular, it examines the activity of meropenem against imipenem-resistant strains and vice versa. Two meropenem resistance genes, mpmA and mpmB, were mapped near ilvB/C and proC, respectively, on the P. aeruginosa PAO chromosome. Although our studies indicate that safe and effective therapy may be achieved with more frequent dosing and with extended infusion durations, optimal regimens that provide desirable outcomes but avoid overdosing await further clinical trials. The age range of these subjects ranged from 1 month to 17.3 years and subjects had received initial doses of 10–40 mg/kg infused over 5 or 30 minutes. Of the 10 studies reviewed in depth, six were focused on premature and/or term newborns. Includes dosages for Skin and Structure Infection, Intraabdominal Infection, Nosocomial Pneumonia and more; plus renal, liver and dialysis adjustments. H.E.H., V.I., and T.P.G. Details of the population PK (PopPK) modeling procedures, the analysis of models, and the validation and qualification of the final model are provided in the Appendix S1. Meropenem is a carbapenem antibiotic structurally related to imipenem, but reportedly with less seizure proclivity. Meropenem (Merrem) is an injectable carbapenem and beta-lactam antibiotic that interferes with bacterial cell wall synthesis in sensitive organisms; Has activity versus a wide array of organisms, including multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae. There are several important limitations to our study. In addition, except in the European Union, it is licensed for skin and soft tissue infections and for complica… The carbapenems imipenem and meropenem are recommended by the American Thoracic Society and the Infectious Disease Society of America as one of several first-line therapy options for people with late-onset hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated pneumonia, especially when Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, or extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae are suspected … Additional manual testing of remaining potential covariates failed to identify further significant reduction in the OFV. ɣ, the Hill coefficient for the maturation equation for CL and CL2, as described in the. The percentage of subjects in each group achieving the recommended therapeutic targets (i.e., meropenem concentrations > 2 or 4 mg/L for 75% and 50% of the dosage intervals, respectively, for groups 1–4, and meropenem concentrations > 2 or 4 mg/L for 40% of the dosage interval for groups 5 and 6) were identified. Working off-campus? For targets of 4 mg/L, 80% or less for subjects achieved targets with each of the alternative regimens. with allergies to PCN who can’t take Pip/Tazo 3) Imipenem or Meropenem or Doripenem. References: Bartlett JG, Auwaerter PG, Pham PA (2010): The Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. In only one case was the isolate imipenem resistant but meropenem sensitive, and deemed carbapenem resistant. Data simulation was needed due to lack of access to data sets in children over 3 months and our objective was to develop a universal PopPK model that characterizes meropenem disposition in all pediatric patients. For adults and children over 3 months of age, it is desirable for the plasma meropenem concentration to exceed the organism's MIC for 40% or more of the dosage interval. Since, quercetin is a well‐known antibacterial agent; it would be relevant to demonstrate synergy between quercetin and meropenem and elucidate molecular basis of effective bactericidal activity of quercetin‐meropenem against CRPsA … Dose Meropenem Antibiotic Class: Carbapenem Antimicrobial Spectrum: Aerobic gram-positive microorganisms: S. aureus including penicillinase-producing strains, Group D streptococcus including Enterococcus spp., Streptococcus pneumoniae, S. pyogenes, S. viridans group H.E.H., V.I., J.G., and T.P.G. The original data were not available from the respective authors, so a representative population of 100 subjects was generated using Monte Carlo simulations mimicking the demographic distribution reported in Du et al.6 In order to do this, four age groups of 25 subjects were created (2–14, 14–38, 38–66, and 66–200 months of age) with random, uniform distribution in each and random, binomial distributions of sex. Extrapolation of these findings to children seems to be a minimum threshold and, in circumstances where immune compromise exists, extended periods of adequate serum drug concentrations may be required.10. May fail in species that have inducible AmpC beta-lactamases (citrobacter, enterobacter, morganella, proteus, … This was the first study to highlight the risk of underdosing in pediatric subjects > 3 months of age. Antibiotics that cover the difficult to kill gram-positive bacteria or i.v. Extended-infusion meropenem is a preferred agent against pyelonephritis and cUTI by CRE that remain susceptible to meropenem, since most of these isolates do not produce carbapenemases . We searched for the term “meropenem,” limited the search to human children, and required one of the following terms: “kinetics,” “pharmacokinetics,” or “PK.” Fifty studies were identified, of which 18 reported original research performed exclusively in pediatric subjects.
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