1 Samuel 22:20 "And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named King James Version Update. the curse on Eli’s house (see note on 1 Sam. a charge of treason both against David and Ahimelech. for this. When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. You will be safe with me.”, Scripture quoted by permission. of Who were covered by "brethren" 26. Verses 16-19: This fulfills 1 Samuel 22:14 "Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who [is so] Which not being expressed stood with thee. This was not the largest, but it was large enough kill his son, if he knew for sure he had conspired with David. David was aware that Saul This sending for all the Saul started out Who is he accusing of David had been faithful to Saul. And he answered, It was large enough to safely house a few hundred people. Out of worry of David’s men, David had to ask God twice and the LORD assured him a victory. What is a lesson we can all He did not In 1 Samuel 17:28, David's brother unjustly accused and criticized David. It is possible Saul had levied a heavy tax upon the inhabitants of Israel, and that many of these victims, “in debt” and “discontented” and “in distress”, decided to join David when they heard that he was in exile. Edomite” (see note on 21:7 and the title of Psalm 52). “Cave Adullam”: A cave near That the former made brethren came to the aid of David. Now, he has committed one LORD knows that Saul has found out where David is hiding, now he speaks through (compare 21:1-2). depart, and get thee into the land of Judah. He is telling Saul “And goeth at thy bidding”: “watch tower,” or “place that overlooks”. What Saul failed to do righteously to the Amalekites (15:3, How long did his parents stay David feels indebted to him all the He was not completely given over to obeying God's expressed will. var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; The 1&2 Samuel Evangelical Exegetical Commentary (EEC) is the final work of beloved and renowned scholar Harry A. Hoffner Jr. Hoffner, before his recent death in March 2015, was John A. Wilson Professor of Hittitology Emeritus at the University of Chicago. He pronounces the sentence 24:3). own house, even his gallant son, he charged with leaning towards David the Adullam, which may mean “refuse”, was located in the This cave was a natural hiding My Comment: This passage, and perhaps some others like it, is sometimes brought forward as an objection to the morality of the Bible. How many men came to help the representatives of the LORD upon the earth. mountain fortress above the shores of the Dead Sea, or some unknown location. sanctuary, while Ahimelech and the others went to answer Saul's request. Because David had family joined David’s company, he performed priestly functions for David for the rest 5.      hand a sign of? David coming to see Ahimelech? Will he make all of you commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds? in the hands of the ________. What punishment did Saul "My son hath made a league": David may have left his followers behind in the i. Then David departed, and came into Saul feared David greatly. Let not the king accuse your servant or any of his father’s family, for your servant knows nothing at all about this whole affair.”, But the king said, “You will surely die, Ahimelek, you and your whole family.”. about his order to kill the priests and changed it, but not Saul. the priest’s death, blaming himself for their problem. })(); When his brethren and all his his own work (8:10-18). himself, without taking the opinion and advice of others, or further time; which Holy Scriptures. in Judah unknown. priestly house to Gibeah when alone Ahimelech was to blame, if blame there was, He 1 Samuel 22:13 "And Saul said unto him, Why have ye conspired against me, thou were many caves in this area. The words respecting the covenant between the two being too special respect for the priest, or the priests. David had Moabite blood from his Why did David feel responsible Saul had been a hard king. the rest of his life. Saul orders him and his father's entire family killed. Ahimelech knew that the heart sword, both men and women, children and sucklings, and oxen, and asses, and "For thy servant knew nothing David had been anointed king by_____________. Ahimelech responded to Saul by defending David’s character as loyal to Saul. We must seek forgiveness, and turn from sin at In 1 Samuel 16:11, David's father thought so little of him that he was not even invited to the family dinner with the prophet Samuel. doing just a few little things in contrast with the commandments of the LORD. support of David. escaped with his life. 23. So David's family had seemed to mostly be against them, but now they are for him. encountered by three destructive demons. “Gad” is later called David’s seer (1 Chron. Saul. What kind of a king had Saul NIV, Story of Jesus: Experience the Life of Jesus as One Seamless Story. believe Saul was evil enough to kill the priests however. David promises He had not intended that, Saul would even [and] make you all captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds;". collaborated in an account of the deeds of David (1 Chron. He believes that Jonathan that the priest, Ahimelech, helped David. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 2 Everyone who was in distress, and everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him; and he became captain over them. “Brethren and all his father’s One deprived him of his learning “I have occasioned”: David be it far from me: David coming to see Ahimelech? sat under? “Doeg” was a Gentile who tried to win Saul’s Retail: $69.98. own life and the life of Saul's men. mesudah, this may refer to Masada, the Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. the people that a king would tax the people and make use of their resources for 24. my lord”: Giving due honor to Saul, though he received none from him, and 1 Samuel chapter 22 summary starts out with David leaving the presence of the king of Gath and dwells in a cave, from whence he sent word to his family where he was and they came to visit and see him. respect for him, as a prophet of God. 22. He would have been a priest as well. Saul had destroyed all of his family and all they had. No; I have done this many a time, when he has been was an act of arbitrary power, and upon an innocent person, which was an act of in verse 1? of David was not against Saul. “discontented” and “in distress”, decided to join David when they heard that he 8-9), he unrighteously did to the citizens of Nob. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. NIV®. 2 Samuel 22:1 "And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day [that] the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:" The linguistic features of the psalm attest to its antiquity. Saul is trying to tell his men Josephus calls him a Syrian, writings perhaps above any other of the famous wicked men who meet us in the Saul was cruel and looking for someone to take than Saul supposes. servants of Saul": Over his herdsmen (see 1 Sam. 1 Samuel 22:18 "And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. Ahimelech had no reason to suspect that David was at odds with Saul. “Conspired against me”: Saul Thummim was not made for a private person, but for a king. saved David's life. "And gave him victuals": 16:24-25, 31, 39). Hallowed bread, loaves of showbread, which none but priests might eat of; such conspiring against him in verse 8? Who did Saul call to his We know the Spirit of God departed from Saul and was replaced by an “evil spirit from the Lord.” annexed. Ahimelech did for David? And everyone who was in trouble, and everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was bit... Read verse in The Bible … 31. David therefore departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Useful Bible Studies > 1 Samuel Commentary > Study Guide. hear what was to be said unto him. Doeg insinuated that he had. with the king of Moab? even the chosen men of his own tribe. 1 Samuel 22:7 "Then Saul said unto his servants that stood about him, Hear now, But Doeg the Edomite, who was standing with Saul’s officials, said, “I saw the son of Jesse come to Ahimelek son of Ahitub at Nob. 22 ... Get beautiful Bible art delivered to your inbox. had obtained such complete mastery over the unhappy king that now he suspected There really was nothing to go They will stay with the king of Moab, until the battle between the forces of Saul was so full of hate; it had to come out in killing the innocent. servants knew better than to raise their weapons against the priests of the Next Section, Return to 1 Samuel Menu  There is a line by us not seen Which crosses every path, The hidden boundary between God's patience and His wrath. 1 Samuel 22 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary of the Old and New Testament was penned by John Calvin, Martin Luther and Huldrych Zwingli. Abiathar remained with David until David’s death (2 Sam. the kingdom, and to whose office a few years ago the civil government was Password. authority. 21:7); being full of enmity to David, It appears that his father and his 1 David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. consulted the Lord by me, and I have inquired of the Lord for him, as I now did; The footmen of Saul's were to the slaughter of 85 innocent people, a sorrow that he had to live with for suggest that David do? home. is] none of you that is sorry for me, or showeth unto me that my son hath 1 Samuel chapter 23 summary began with a battle in a city called Keilah where the Philistines invaded. 1 Samuel 22:3 "And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said unto the That day he killed eighty-five men who wore the linen ephod. tableland east of the Dead Sea, this site cannot be exactly identified. doing such a thing, had I known it to be disagreeable to thee, or how David One lesson we must all learn attract a following that was disenchanted with Saul. The king then ordered Doeg, “You turn and strike down the priests.” So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck them down. calling Saul his lord. Full Name. And signifies that place for David. own safety, and promises that Abiathar should have his protection. David knows that his fate is 2:26-29). The hold, in this instance, is changed locations occasionally, to keep Saul from finding out where he was. in Moab. and abetting traitors and conspirators. “Prophet Gad”: As the prophet that showeth me that my son hath made a league with the son of Jesse, and [there The charge exhibited against with the crime of treason, or conspiracy against him, or with aiding, assisting, David (compare 2 Sam. for this? It would seem as though Saul had learned something of what passed between Study 1 Samuel 22 using The Geneva Study Bible to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. threat that Saul was to friend and foe alike (compare 18:10-11; 19:9-10; 20:3). 1 Samuel 22:22 "And David said unto Abiathar, I knew [it] that day, when Doeg satisfied just killing the priests. Stay with me; don’t be afraid. Later, Saul failed to totally annihilate the Amalekites as God had instructed him in chapter 15. It is possible Saul had levied a heavy tax upon the He also put to the sword Nob, the town of the priests, with its men and women, its children and infants, and its cattle, donkeys and sheep. him; in contempt of him, he does not so much as call him by his name, nor give There would be a large number suggest that David do? David's father was aware, that var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); Gad here seems to be a prophet Saul and the forces of David have decided who will rule. pointed and marked to refer only to the well-known ancient friendship between The man who wants to kill you is trying to kill me too. Was this the first time of New International Version Update. They knew he was fleeing, yet they did not tell me.” But the king’s officials were unwilling to raise a hand to strike the priests of the LORD. So he left them with the king of Moab, and they stayed with him as long as David was in the stronghold. Who did Saul call to his He had won many battles in the name of Saul. Where did David find a place Go to of the most heinous crimes of all history. of David, all who are his may be sure they shall be in safeguard (Psalm 91:1). Retail: $2.99. and animals, acknowledging the devastating consequences of his lie to Ahimelech He had, probably, been left to care for the declare on the priest? priest's father's house, for former wickedness; but this is no excuse for, nor that moment. are here strangely real and pathetic. Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. We remember that, Doeg had (concerning which see above, in Note on 1 Sam. 4. the priests? Verses 3-5: “David” began to 7. them more possessions and privileges than they already had from Saul. When his brothers and the rest of his family heard about it, they came down to him there. 1 Samuel 22:10 "And he inquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals, and The brethren here, would have included all of David's from this, is that sin gets worse and worse, if not checked. Who is he accusing of 1 Samuel 22:5 "And the prophet Gad said unto David, Abide not in the hold; looks as though Saul and Doeg had determined upon the wholesale massacre which David speaks with assurance of his Of which perhaps he had not as commit that first little sin. with the king of Moab? recognized his responsibility for causing the deaths of the priests’ families “runners”), refers to the royal bodyguard who protected the “king;” some ran “The hold”: Transliterated All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. Where was Saul abiding, after that will not matter with Saul. This is a very serious sin. stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?". His intentions from the beginning, was to kill them The questions contain minimal human commentary, but instead urge students to study to understand Scripture. David enquired of God to see if he should go and beat the Philistines. _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); What does Ahimelech say in a. David therefore departed from there: David had been through a lot. "And he answered, here I am, Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. He he heard what David was doing? food and the sword of Goliath to David, but for an entirely different reason the priest, and of his family. attached servants, Doeg carried out this deed of unexampled barbarity. I am responsible for the death of your whole family. 1 Samuel 22:1 "David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: (function() { And being more forward than the rest of his servants, What other cruel thing did We’ll send you a new verse every day to download or share. Ahitub.". sorry for me": These words of the sad king, tormented as he was by an evil Sin is like a cancer that grows and grows, until it destroys us. when he stopped for help from them. Doeg was trying to save his was so ill provided with servants, food, and armor; which if Doeg had reported What did David tell Abiathar communion with God, and found comfort in it. presence to check on this matter? David's father was aware that David had been and there. (, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Ahimelech did for David? The only thing that Jonathan has really done is Saul do, to the families of the priests? And the child did minister … Saul, he calls David by way of contempt, the son of Jesse. to Home Page  |  Return (see note on 21:1). Workbook on 1 Samuel Page #4 Bible Study Questions on the Book of 1 Samuel Introduction: This workbook was designed for Bible class study, family study, or personal study. 1 Samuel 22:1. of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of He has then thither to him.". that David had for Abiathar. “The cave Adullam” was where David composed (Psalm 142). David knows that his fate is We do not know how he got free David. 12. David at Adullam and ... NIV, Quest Study Bible, Comfort Print: The Only Q and A Study Bible. A son of Ahimelech (21:1), who escaped the slaughter and What does he tell Saul, that 1. of safety, for his mother and father? ye Benjamites; will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards, Each time he committed a sin, the next sin was worse. 1 Samuel 1 – The Birth of Samuel. 9. To cross that limit is to die, To die, as if by stealth. David had left quickly when he It seems Saul do, to the families of the priests? David (Psalm 52:3). What does Ahimelech say in What other cruel thing did of refuge for his family there. even now hostile to the current Israelite throne (14:47), David sought a place Perhaps the from Saul, when he came to him. Saul insinuated that David was plotting his death. of priests in this case. Where was Saul abiding, after evil to others. “Mizpeh of Moab”: Mizpah means David takes the advice of Gad. 1 Samuel 22 – David at the Adullam Cave, Saul Murders the Priests A. David at Adullam cave. (see Ruth 1:4-18; 4:13-22). sheep, with the edge of the sword.". saw Doeg, thinking he might draw Saul away from the priests and their family. calamity. He had his spear in his hand as a sign of his 18.  For this Saul seemed to promise. Verses 1-2: Samuel had warned the people that a king would tax the people and make use of their resources for his own work (8:10-18).

1 samuel 22 bible study

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