Made with organic ingredients. Beaune, A. and Balea, T. [Anti-inflammatory experimental properties of marshmallow: its potentiating action on the local effects of corticoids]. This content does not provide dosage information, cautions/contraindications, or possible interactions with prescription drugs. As such, marshmallow is indicated for inflammatory bowel disease, stomach and duodenal … Marshmallow Root Tincture. Marshmallow root preparations consist of peeled or unpeeled dried root of Althaea officinalis L., and contain mucilage polysaccharides (6.2-11.6%) composed of galacturonorhamnans, arabinans, glucaris, arabinogalactans; carbohydrates (25-35 %); flavanoids; glycosides; sugars (10% sucrose); amines (up to 12% asparagines); fat (1.7%); calcium oxalate; coumarins; phenolic acid9; and sterols. Evidence for bioadhesive effects of polysaccharides and polysaccharide-containing herbs in an ex vivo bioadhesion assay on buccal membranes. Bottom pictures show two types of marshmallow plants. Marshmallow is a gentle, soothing plant with a tendency to calm irritated, inflamed tissues and to facilitate the healing process. gastritis, peptic and duodenal ulceration, enteritis. Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis), Marshmallow root preparations consist of peeled or unpeeled dried root of Althaea officinalis L., and contain mucilage polysaccharides (6.2-11.6%) composed of galacturonorhamnans, arabinans, glucaris, arabinogalactans; carbohydrates (25-35 %); flavanoids; glycosides; sugars (10% sucrose); amines (up to 12% asparagines); fat (1.7%); calcium oxalate; coumarins; phenolic acid9; and sterols. Marshmallow. By 1955 there were 35 manufacturers in the US creating what we know today as the puffy, white, indispensable addition to s'mores. These properties were recognized by the taxonomists who named it. It can be thought of as denoting an “official” healing plant. Flora Inc. takes no responsibility for harm that may result from the use, abuse or misuse of information contained on this site. Since you’ll be using the marshmallow in Rocky Road using agar agar could be a back up option as well. Phytochemical Characterization of Low Molecular Weight Constituents from Marshmallow Roots (Althaea officinalis) and Inhibiting Effects of the Aqueous Extract on Human Hyaluronidase‑1 Sigma-Aldrich Products are sold exclusively through Sigma-Aldrich, Inc. Parts of Marshmallow Root Used: The dried root. In accordance with the European Pharmacopoeia (8th ed., 01/2012:1126) marshmallow root (Althaeae radix) consists of peeled or unpeeled, whole or cut, dried root of Althaea officinalis L. It has a swelling index of minimum 10, determined on the powdered herbal substance. In the United Kingdom, marshmallow root is listed in Schedule 2, Table A of the General Sale List (GSL), and is also accepted in reviewed medicines for internal use. Meyer E. Behandlung akuter und chronischer Bronchitiden mit Heilpflanzen. Marshmallow is a marshy plant growing up to three feet high with a soft velvety texture. Purified homogenous mucilage of marshmallow mucilage is composed of L-rhamsose, D-galactose, galacuonnic acid, and D-glucuronic acid in molar ratio of 3:2:3:31. References: Bone, K. (2003). Disclaimer: This information in our Herbal Encyclopedia is intended only as a general reference for educational purposes. Custom & Predesigned DNA Oligos & qPCR Probes, Advanced Genomics – CRISPR Technology & RNAi. "Marshmallow" Marshmallow has been medicinally used since Ancient Egyptian times, taking it's botanical name from the Greek word 'altho', meaning 'to heal'. Xylose, glucan, arabinogalactan, acidic polysaccharide containing 2-O-alpha-D-galacturonopyranosyl-l-rhamnose10 are also present in the hydrolysate of leaf and flower mucilage. Locally for varicose or thrombotic ulcers. The mucilage content of the root, leaves and flowers is highest in the late fall and winter (approximately 11%) and lowest in the spring and summer (5-6%). > Licensed by Natural Standard Copyright © 2010 by Natural Standard Corporation. The root is used mainly for digestive problems and on the skin. It refers specifically to a room in a monastery where medicinal plants were kept. Piovano, P. B. and Mazzocchi, S. [Clinical trial of a steroid derivative (9-alpha-fluoro-prednisolone-21- acetate) in association with aqueous extract of althea in the dermatological field]. (G3) Dosage Dried leaf 2-5Gg or by infusion three times daily;(G6,G7) 5 g. (G3) Leaf, liquid extract 2-5 mL (1:1 in 25% alcohol) three times daily. A polysaccharide dose of 50mg/kg was equally effective as "Syrupus Althaeae" in a dose of 1,000mg/kg.7 The extract was less effective than marshmallow polysaccharide.5 Demulcent properties of marshmallow may be due to reduction of local irritation that causes gastritis. MEDICINAL USES : Marshmallow's demulcent can be used wherever soothing and healing properties are needed. Please consult any relevant product labels for detailed information on use and with a medical practitioner for individual health advice. The leaves, flowers, or root of the plant are used. Overview: The roots of marshmallow are rich in mucilage, a complex mixture of polysaccharides that form a soothing gelatinous fiber when water is added. Chemical constituents include altheahexacosanyl lactone (n -hexacos-2-enyl-1,5-olide), 2β-hydroxycalamene (altheacalamene) and altheacoumarin glucoside (5,6-dihydroxycoumarin-5-dodecanoate-6β- D -glucopyranoside), along with the known phytoconstituents lauric acid, β … Huriez, C. and Fagez, C. [An association of marshmallow-dexamethasone: the pommade Dexalta]. Life Science This herbal drug by definition consists […] Uses. *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Marshmallow root tea is considered an emollient, expectorant, and mild laxative. Scopoletin, quercitin, kaempferol, chlorgenic acid, caffeic acid and p-coumaric acid are also present in the roots. Organic grain alcohol, distilled water, and organic marshmallow root. (1989) Effects of hypolaetin-β-O-glucoside and its aglycone in in vivo and in vitro tests for anti-inflammatory agents. (G3) Marshmallow root is used in combina-tion with anise fruit, eucalyptus oil, liquorice and with anise fruit, liquorice and primrose root and with anise fruit and primrose root for catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and resulting dry cough. All text and Images © Flora Inc. Type in Product Names, Product Numbers, or CAS Numbers to see suggestions. Nosal'ova, G., Strapkova, A., Kardosova, A., Capek, P., Zathurecky, L., and Bukovska, E. [Antitussive action of extracts and polysaccharides of marsh mallow (Althea officinalis L., var. The mucilage is made up of a complex mixture of acidic polysaccharides containing arabinose, glucose, rhamnose, galactose, and galacturonic acid. The flowers give way to round flattish fruits known as “cheeses.” Combinations of marshmallow preparations with steroids have been used in the management of dermatological conditions, and the plant appears to possess anti-inflammatory activity that potentates the effect of topical steroids.8,12 In vitro, anti-inflammatory effects of an ointment containing marshmallow extract and dexamethasone (0.05%) was superior to the individual ingredients in the alleviation of chemically-induced rabbit ear irritation.4 Marshmallow extract in vivo stimulates phagocytosis and the release of cytokines from monocytes, including interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor.13, At doses of 10mg/kg, 30mg/kg and 100mg/kg, marshmallow reduces plasma glucose levels to 74%, 81% and 65% of prior values, respectively, after seven hours in rats.1, Marshmallow mucilage is not altered in the digestive tract until it reaches the colon, where it may be partially or completely digested via bacterial action.5, © 2020  Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. Leaves are used as an expectorant and as a soothing remedy for the urinary… Chemical constituents. Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J, editors. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. Marshmallow roots are high in polysaccharides and starches. Marshmallow root and leaves especially are a soothing expectorant. Thus, both parts … or 'heal all'. The traditional medicinal uses of the plant are reflected in the name of the genus, which comes from the Greek althainein, meaning "to heal". Made by hand until 1900, marshmallow root was added to corn syrup, egg whites, and water and was heated, and poured into molds. It also exhibits antimicrobial activity against P. aeroginosa, P. vulgaris and S. aureus.2,3. Tomoda, M., Shimizu, N., Oshima, Y., Takahashi, M., Murakami, M., and Hikino, H. Hypoglycemic activity of twenty plant mucilages and three modified products. The stem and leaves are covered in soft hairs, and the grayish-green leaves are rounded to triangular in shape with pointed and serrated edges. Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Planta Med. Much of what makes a mucilage are its polysaccharides that are a complex carbohydrate bonded by sugar molecules. All Rights Reserved. ;55: 107-8 . Learning Center Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis) fills out the description of demulcent to a tee. Hoffmann D. Medical Herbalism: The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine. “Althea” is from the Greek and means “to heal” or “healing power.” “Officinalis” is a commonly applied name for plants with a history of medicinal use. Mucilaginous herbs like marshmallow root may inhibit coughing by forming a protective coating on the mucosal lining of the respiratory tract, shielding it from irritants.2,6 Marshmallow reduces the transport velocity of isolated ciliary epithelia and may protect mucous layers in the hypopharynx, exert spasmolytic, antisecretory, and bactericidal properties.2 Antitussive activity has been demonstrated by oral doses of marshmallow root extract and a marshmallow polysaccharide (100mg/kg and 50mg/kg respectively) in cats as compared to a non-narcotic cough suppressant. Herb Description. Extract RE was obtained from the roots of Althaea officinalis in a yield of 8.1%, related to the dried plant material, by extraction with MeOH–H2O (1:1), followed by precipitation with EtOH to remove high molecular weight constituents. Amongst its many traditional uses it was used to make possibly the first ever cough sweets. > chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Althaea species grown in Iraq. extracts come in amber glass bottles with a dropper. The content on this site is meant for informational purposes only, and is not intended for use as official health consultation or recommendations. In inflammations of the digestive tract, such as inflamation of the mouth, gastritis, peptic ulcer, enteritis and colitis,the root is advised. Overview: The roots of marshmallow are rich in mucilage, a complex mixture of polysaccharides that form a soothing gelatinous fiber when water is added. The root contains starch (37%), mucilage (11%), pectin (11%), flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, and asparagine. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Planta Med 2000 Feb; 66(1): 48-53. It is also high in pectin, which may lower blood glucose concentrations. Yet another preference for preparing demulcent herbs is described below in the context of marshmallow root, our poster child of the demulcents! All parts are useful, including root, leaf, and flower. Rochester (VT): Healing Arts Press; 2003. The root contains 25-35% of the mucilage; however, the content of purified mucilage is much lower. The whole plant contains a tacky, slimy substance known as mucilage, with the root of 2-3 year old plants containing the highest percentage. Constituents/Active Ingredients: 5-10% mucilage (levels vary greatly depending upon time of harvest and post-harvest processing). Studies on irritated mucus membranes have shown that the mucilage of marshmallow binds to buccal membranes and other mucous membranes of the body. Sendker J, Böker I, Lengers I, Brandt S, Jose J, Stark T(1), Hofmann T(1), Fink C(2), Abdel-Aziz H(2), Hensel A. It is not a replacement for medical advice. Herbs are grown, nurtured and harvested from non-gmo seed and are solar dried. Key Constituents in root and leaf: Root: mucilage, starch, pectin, flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, asparagine, tannins. When cool – add 100 g Slippery Elm Bark. This plant is native to Europe and parts of Asia and is part of the Malvaceae family. and 16 oz. Marshmallow root is rich in sugars, making it an excellent mucilage and softening on the tissues. Marshmallow was traditionally used internally for soothing sore throats, laryngitis and tonsillitis, coughs, dryness of the lungs, and digestive upsets. • 8 oz. Phytochemical Characterization of Low Molecular Weight Constituents from Marshmallow Roots (Althaea officinalis) and Inhibiting Effects of the Aqueous Extract on Human Hyaluronidase-1. For the dried root, adults can take a … The garden varieties are called HollyHocks. ... From a chemical constituents perspective, marshmallow root is best used as a cold infusion. I-Althaea officinalis Synonym : Malva officinalis Common names: English name : Althaea, Marshmallow, Arabic name: khatma , Khatmi Distribution: Native to Asia, Europe and United States of America. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Scientific Name/Common Name: Althaea officinalis / Marshmallow. Asparagine, sugar, pectin and tannin have also been identified in the root. The viscous fiber has several beneficial effects on digestion: 1) it reduces bowel transit time (acts as a mild laxative); 2) it absorbs toxins from the bowel; 3) it increases fecal bulk and dilutes stool materials thereby reducing stool contact with the gastrointestinal mucosa; and 4) it enhances beneficial bacteria within the gastrointestinal tract and provides an excellent substrate for bacterial fermentation. Nutrition Research Heat 100g powdered marshmallow root in the combined fats for an hour over a waterbath. It does give a slightly firmer marshmallow… In 1966, Beaune et al. Precautions Should be taken with at least 250mL (8 oz) of liquid. This smooth, slippery substance is believed to soothe and protect irritated mucous membranes. Extracts from hybrid plants have been found to be more mucilaginous with different sugar composition compared to native plants.11. Franz, G. and Chladek, M. [Comparative studies on the composition of crude mucus from crossbred descendants of Althaea officinalis L. and Althaea armeniaca Ten]. Marshmallow root tea is considered an emollient, expectorant, and … Marshmallow Root Constituents: Mucilage (arabinogalactans and galacturonorhamnan), the amino acid asparagines, antioxidant flavonoids 8-hydroxyluteolin and 8-b-gentiobioside, coumarins, fats, kaempferol, phenolic acids, quercetin, sugars, tannins, and volatile oil. Botanical names: Althea officinalis How It Works Mucilage, made up of large carbohydrate (sugar) molecules, is thought to be the active constituent in marshmallow. Key Constituents – mucilage, starch, pectin, flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, asparagine, tannins Leaf: flavonoids, scopoletin, polyphenols (Hoffman, 2003). Newton (MA): Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000. Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission. Marshmallow root, or Althaea officinalis, is a flowering plant that has played a role in herbal medicine for centuries. > sizes come in amber glass bottles with a plastic screw cap and do not include a dropper. Marshmallow is high in aluminum, iron, magnesium, selenium, tin, and substantial amounts of calcium. (marshmallow root) The EMEA acknowledges that copies of the underlying works used to produce this monograph were provided for research only with exclusion of any commercial purpose. With its use stretching back thousands of years, Marshmallow Root was used by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. Top: dried marshmallow root. Mucilage, a good source of soluble fiber, is particularly recommended for soothing gastrointestinal diseases. It has large light pink or purple five petaled flowers with a faint aroma. Please read our Privacy Statement. The roots also contain pectin, sugars, asparagines, and small amounts of sterols.

marshmallow root constituents

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